What you need to know about normal 12 week ultrasound, pregnancy ultrasounds.

Hi guys, welcome back to another post, I hope you all have an amazing new year so far and beautiful holidays, you must be very excited if you reach 12 weeks, girl you are about to finish the first trimester, eyyyy….

So as usual on this article, you will find good info about your 12 week pregnancy plus how and what to expect on your 12 week Ultrasound, if you want to learn something cool today keep reading.

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Things are changing rapidly at 12 weeks, your hormones are likely to tone things down a bit, hopefully making you feel better about your pregnancy symptoms. It also means you may be ready to share your pregnancy news with family and friends, finally the moment of truth.

How Big Is Baby at 12 Weeks?
At 12 weeks pregnant, the baby is as big as a plum. The average fetus at 12 weeks is about 5.4 cm to 6.6 cm on the CRL measurement. Now at this point, your baby has all his or her important organs developed already, his or her main job is to keep on growing.

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12 weeks pregnant symptoms.

As your hormones start to calm a bit, your morning sickness and fatigue may start to feel better as well, however headaches and dizziness may replace them. Here’s more info about what’s happening to your body at 12 weeks pregnant:

Headaches: These may start to intensify around week 12 of pregnancy. Headaches may be caused by hormonal shifts, drops in blood sugar, dehydration, lack of sleep, or stress. To deal with this pay attention to what might be triggering your headaches and try to avoid those things. If you notice a drastic increase in headaches or a type of headache you’ve never experienced before (such as a migraine), let your OB know.

Spotting: Spotting or bleeding during pregnancy at 12 weeks could be something or it could be nothing at all, it could be something as silly as a polyp in the cervix or a cyst in the ovary, the simple fact of having sex could cause light bleeding that’s harmless, however its always good to check, so If you’re experiencing spotting or bleeding, definitely tell your doctor. If the bleeding is accompanied by cramping or the flow is heavy then it can be serious, call your doctor right away.

Dizziness: Hormone shifts and blood pressure changes could cause dizziness at week 12. You can help prevent this symptom by snacking frequently and drinking plenty of water. if the dizziness doesn’t let you function or you start feeling other weird things let your doctor know.

Increased vaginal discharge: This clear discharge might seem gross to you, but it’s normal and has an important purpose, to protect your vagina from infection. But if you have yellow, greenish, pink, or brown discharge during pregnancy week 12, call your doctor immediately. Those colors could be a sign of infection or preterm labor.

As usual, I will link the most recent previous post down here in case you want to check them out.

What you need to know about the normal 11 week ultrasound.

What you need to know about the normal 10 week ultrasound.

And now the juicy stuff ” What to expect on your 12 week ultrasound scan”

We still perform this Ultrasound Transvaginally, starting with Mommy first then the baby.

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Ultrasound image of the CRL, the measurement that we perform on the baby at this time.

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Ultrasound image of a baby in which you can define clearly the profile view of the face, the body and the leg, how cute is that!!!!

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The profile view of your baby’s face is becoming more clear and clear as he or she keeps growing!!!

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Ultrasound image of your baby’s strong heartbeat, the normal beat expected to trace at this time is between 160 to 175 bpm.

 

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OMG, I couldn’t resist to include another picture of the fetal profile, this picture is just precious!!!

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Ultrasound image showing a defined hand.

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As well as the legs are clearly defined at this point.

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3D image of a 12 week baby, you can appreciate this picture, the baby’s head, arms, and legs, the insertion of the umbilical cord as well.

 

Guys, I receive a lot of questions about having 3D ultrasounds, Ultrasound, in general, is a very safe imaging technique for mom and baby and a valuable tool for the doctors to evaluate the development and growth of your baby,  however 3D is not recommended to have more than 4 on the entire pregnancy, because intense sound waves are used in 3D or 4D ultrasounds so is higher the amount of heat produced on this type of ultrasounds, so is better to do it when is medically necessary, and the best time to obtain the best pictures are between  26-32 weeks of pregnancy.

 

Facts about your baby!!!

*Baby at 12 weeks is opening and closing his or her fingers and curling toes. And baby’s brain is still developing fast!

*Baby’s now developing reflexes, you’ll likely see movement on ultrasounds.

*The fetus begins to produce thyroid hormones.

*The pancreas is beginning to make insulin, and the kidneys are starting to produce urine as well.

 

Already so this concludes this week post, by now you are probably done with the first round of genetic and chromosomal testing, you still should expect other labs on the doctors appointments, by now you are only required to visit your doctor once a month unless there is a medical condition that they need to monitor closely, as always thanks for reading my post, I will be talking to you next time.

zadi, XO

 

What you need to know about normal 7 week ultrasound, pregnancy ultrasounds.

Hi there, welcome back to another post, Today the topic will be “Normal 7 week ultrasound” if you reach this point you are probably full of questions and fears, after all the first trimester is crucial, but relax you are doing fine, at 7 weeks your baby is growing and changing a lot, stay with me for a little longer and you will find out why!!!

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At 7 weeks your baby is about the size of a Blueberry, in measurements, your baby should be about 0.50 inches long, from week 6 to week 7 your baby has probably double the size if the growth was appropriate !!!

Also, do you know that at 7 weeks in your baby’s brain 100 new cells are developed per minute, and not only your baby’s brain is becoming more complex but the heart is becoming complex too. Your baby is developing the kidneys, arm and legs are now forming as well.

7 weeks pregnant symptoms.

  • Nausea: Morning sickness may be going strong at 7 weeks of pregnancy, if you expecting twins, morning sickness is probably worse due to highest levels of hormones, but don’t worry it should get better after the first trimester, some moms-to-be finds relieve taking Ginger natural tea or vitamin B-6.

  • Food cravings and/or aversions: You probably find yourself craving for weird foods, same as not wanting to eat foods that you thought was delicious before, don’t worry all of this is normal. It is ok to give in to your cravings and indulge once in a while, but try not to go crazy, and make healthy food choices instead when is possible.

  • Mood swings: Not only your hormones are all over the place but you can be feeling emotional and overwhelmed by the idea that you are pregnant, so don’t worry it will get better soon.

  • Frequent urination: Your uterus at this point even though you don’t look pregnant has doubled in size, also know that your uterus anteriorly is pressing against your Urinary bladder.

  • Acne: Breakouts in multiples areas of your body are due to hormonal changes, you can use certain products to ease the symptoms but please before you use anything check with your doctor if they are safe to use while you are pregnant.

  • Cramping or spotting: Sporadic mild cramping with pink or brown spotting can be normal, after all, your uterus is growing rapidly and your cervix must be sensitive too, however, an Ultrasound is always recommended to Rule out miscarriages.

What to expect on your 7 week ultrasound Scan:

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The first assessment of the maternal pelvic anatomy is done on this Ultrasound to Rule out Coexisting fibroids within the uterus next to the pregnancy, I am going to link below the previous posts talking more in deep about Fibroids.

All you need to know about Fibroids.

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Secondly, an assessment to the ovaries must be done, Keep in mind the corpus luteal cyst as you can see in this picture is a normal finding, this ovarian cyst is producing hormones to support the pregnancy however is important to Follow up the size of the cyst.

All you need to know about Ovaries, normal hormonal cycles, and common cysts.

And finally the assessment of the pregnancy is done, measurements are obtained on the embryo to correlate Last menstrual period dates if you don’t know your Last menstrual period don’t worry these measurements are accurate enough to generate an Estimated Due Date. This measurement is called Crown-Rump length ( CRL).

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And remember very important if your baby can be seen so is the baby’s heart beating!!!!

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The gestational sac and Yolk sac has to be check as well to make sure that all the structures are looking normal.

As you can see your 7 week appointment is very exciting, you are carrying a little secret that you are enjoying but you still don’t know what to expect, in this appointment with your Gynecologist expect to have Labs, a Pap Smear if you haven’t had one in a while, as well as an ultrasound to Rule out viability and dates, so on my next post I will continue to talk about 8 week pregnancy with ultrasound pictures, see you around.

XO zadi.

All you need to know about Ovaries, normal hormonal cycles and common cysts.

Hi there, is zadi welcome to my Blog, today I will be covering everything related to Normal ovary, Hormones, and common cysts, All you need to know about ovulation. As you probably know the ovulation process is the beginning of a beautiful pregnancy, so if you want to learn something fascinating today keep looking.

Normal hormonal cycle and ovulation.

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is found in the first half of the cycle or follicular phase, this hormone stimulates the growth of multiples follicles in the ovary, however only one ovarian follicle emerges at day 9 of the cycle, that follicle is known as Dominant follicle, other follicles on the ovary stop growing and then eventually regrets. The Luteinizing hormone (LH) surge from the pituitary gland on about day 14 and causes ovulation from that single dominant ovarian follicle. During the second half of the cycle or luteal phase, after the follicle is released from the dominant follicle the corpus luteum is formed, this structure releases hormones, mainly progesterone and some estrogen. Those two ovarian hormones prepare the endometrium for possible implantation of a fertilized egg.

So here is a summary:

*First hypothalamus Produce Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone or GnRH.

*Second Anterior Pituitary Produce FSH and LH.

*And finally Ovarian follicles start producing Estrogen and the corpus luteum starts producing Progesterone.

All hormones are crucial on the monthly menstrual cycle, the ovarian Hormones finally prepares the endometrium for possible implantation.

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More information about ovarian follicles.

Dominant follicle.

*A single ovarian follicle that enlarges between day 9 and day 14 on the cycle.

*The diameter increases from 1 cm to 2 cm during that time.

*When the diameter increases to 2 cm ovulation is expected to happen within the next 24 hours.

*Following ovulation a small amount of free fluid could be seen at the pelvis.

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Ultrasound image of a Dominant Follicle.

Hemorrhagic ovarian cysts.

*A hemorrhagic cyst develops from a follicle or a corpus luteum by spontaneous rupture of blood vessels into the cystic cavity.

*This type of cyst contains blood clots or fibrin strands.

*This cyst will usually change its internal appearance and/or diminish in size.

*Bleeding within cystic lesions strongly suggest Benign nature.

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Ultrasound image of a Hemorrhagic cyst.

Corpus luteum cyst ( most important cyst if you desire a pregnancy)

*After ovulation, the empty cavity of the ruptured follicle is gradually filled by luteal cells.

*This cyst is usually less than 2.5 cm in diameter however it can grow up to 8 cm in diameter, in this case, if a pregnancy occurs a follow-up Ultrasound is recommended to check the size of the cyst to prevent an Ovarian Torsion, but the pregnancy should be fine.

*This cyst is in charge of producing Progesterone, an important hormone for preparing the Endometrium for a possible pregnancy.

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Ultrasound image of Corpus luteal cyst.

A small summary about abnormal ovarian cyst.

Theca lutein cyst is a hormone related lesion that may develop because of an abnormal/sudden increased of Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), This can be related to normal causes like Multiples pregnancies (TWINS etc..), but can also be related to Abnormal diseases like:

*Hydatiform Mole.

*Choriocarcinoma.

*Maternal fetal RH incompatibility.

*Diabetes.

*Some autoimmune diseases.

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Ultrasound image of Theca lutein cysts.

Cause of infertility related to the ovaries

Polycystic ovaries or PCOS.

Polycystic ovarian disease or PCOS is also known as choric anovulation syndrome, wherein dysfunctional hormonal cycles lead to chronic anovulation usually beginning at menarche. Clinical manifestation can include :

*Hirsutism.

*Obesity.

*Infertility.

*Abnormal periods.

With PCOS an increase of LH, Testosterone, and Androstenedione is usually found.

On patients with isolated Infertility caused by PCOS a medical treatment with Clomiphene citrate to induce ovulation can solve the problem.

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Ultrasound images of PCOS.

As you can see many things has to occur for a pregnancy to happen.

How can you know if you are ovulating?

well, the most important signs of Ovulation are:

*A slight rise in basal body temperature.

*Wet and slippery vaginal discharge that has the appearance of egg whites.

* Slightly increased in sexual desire.

Functional cysts are usually harmless, rarely cause symptoms and often disappears on their own within 2 or 3 menstrual cycles.

Other types of cysts that are not related to menstrual cycles are:

Dermoid cysts: Also known as Teratomas, these types of cysts can contain tissue, such as hair, skin or teeth, because they form from embryonic cells. They are rarely cancerous.

Cystadenomas: These develop on the surface of the ovary and might be filled with watery or a mucous material.

Endometrioma: These develop as a result of a condition known as ENDOMETRIOSIS which is when endometrial cells grow outside of the uterus.

Paraovarian cyst: A cyst that is found near the fallopian tubes or the ovaries, contains a defined membrane, they can go on their own or has to be surgically removed.

img_25221  Dermoid cyst.

img_25231 Cystadenoma benign.

img_2524   Endometrioma cyst.

paraovarian cyst  Paraovarian cyst.

The most remarkable complications of large ovarian cysts can be:

Ovarian torsion or Cyst Ruptured.

OK so this concludes Ovaries, I hope you enjoy my post and I want to encourage you to always check with your Gynecologist to Rule out any problems if you are not getting pregnant easily, keep in mind all women are different. I will see you in my next post, I will officially start pregnancy.

See you next time XO Zadi.