What you need to know about normal 10 week ultrasound, pregnancy ultrasounds.

Hi guys, welcome back to another post, this time about Normal 10 week ultrasound, as usual, I will talk about the important things you need to know at this time and finally we will go to the Ultrasound part, so let’s get started…

At 10 weeks your baby is as big as a strawberry, measuring about 3.1 to 4.1 cm long and weighing about 0.14 ounces.

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10 weeks pregnant symptoms.

Wondering what to expect at 10 weeks pregnant? As your baby grows, your ligaments and muscles are starting to stretch on your pregnant belly, your breasts are getting bigger, they are probably sore too and some other changes are also happening. Here are some of the most common 10 weeks pregnant symptoms:

Morning sickness: Still strong at 10 weeks, morning sickness is caused by high levels of hormones in your body, this symptom gets better after you pass the first trimester.

Fatigue: Remember that you are under the effects of many hormones, especially increased levels of progesterone that is responsible for making you sleepy and also your body is producing more blood to carry nutrients to your growing baby, therefore, your blood pressure and blood sugar levels are lower, the best remedy for this symptom is more REST.

Mood swings: Because of the hormones and also because other symptoms, you may find your emotions more difficult to control. Remember is okay to slow down and take breaks throughout your day ( to do whatever makes you feel good and relax), also try to avoid stressful situations.

Round ligament pain: At this time you start feeling some aches and pains in your abdomen as it stretches to accommodate your growing baby. While some moms-to-be don’t really feel this pain for other mothers is very uncomfortable. If you’re 10 weeks pregnant with twins, round ligament pain could be even more noticeable. Let your OB doctor know if your discomfort is intense.

Growing breasts. Your breasts have probably gotten bigger by this time since they’ve been prepping for breastfeeding for weeks already!

Increased vaginal discharge. An increased blood flow to your vagina coupled with an increase in estrogen production could cause more of clear, odorless discharge. Might seem a little gross, but this substance is simply nature’s way of getting rid of bacteria. If it’s colored, tinged with blood, has a foul odor, or causes discomfort call your doctor. Those could be something else.

Visible veins: Another thing you may start noticing at this time is all those blue lines that suddenly has appeared on your skin, these veins are doing a very important job which is carrying the increased blood supply needed to nourish your growing fetus.

Other symptoms discussed on my previous post like Frequent urination and Headaches, combined with other symptoms like indigestion, bloating and gases are also happening right now, be patient, I promised it will be better soon, links for my previous posts are down below in case you want to check them out.

What you need to know about the normal 8 week ultrasound.

What you need to know about the normal 9 week ultrasound.

What to expect on your 10 week ultrasound scan:

As usual, we start with the maternal organs first then is baby time…

Remember the 10 weeks scan is still done transvaginally.

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Ultrasound image of a fetus at 10 weeks, the round area surrounding the baby is called the Amnion, this structure is more visible at this time, placenta is still developing, yolk sac is visible at this time as well, your fetus is starting to look more like a baby, arms and legs are clearly seen, and movements are more noticeable too.

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Ultrasound image of a 10 week fetus, the measurement that is done at this time is still the Crump Rump Length(CRL)

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And remember we always need to get a signal on the doppler, that’s the heart of your baby beating!!!!!

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 Image of a 3D ultrasound on a 10 week fetus.

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Ultrasound image of Fraternal twins at 10 weeks, you can see the thick membrane separating the babies.

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Ultrasound image of Identical twins at 10 weeks, these babies share the same sac.

Remember the possibility of a Miscarriage is still high, Ultrasound will always check for Subchorionic bleedings or any other abnormalities, after ultrasounds you should be seeing your doctor for the results.

Facts about your baby!!!

At 10 weeks your baby has working arm joints, and cartilage and bones are forming. Your baby’s vital organs are fully developed and they’re starting to function as well. Fingernails and hair are starting to appear too! And your baby is already swallowing and kicking inside your belly!!!

At 10 weeks you will start having genetic testing to rule out diseases, the first test will be the Harmony, this test analyzes cell-free DNA in maternal blood and gives a strong indication of whether the fetus is at high or low risk of having trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome) or trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome). If the Harmony test shows that there is a high risk that the fetus has trisomy 21 or 18 or 13 it does not mean that the fetus definitely has one of these defects. If you want to be certain if the fetus has one of these defects you should have CVS or amnio.

I will explain more in deep CVS , AMNIO and Nuchal Translucency on my next post which will be published next Thursday because Tuesday will be Christmas day, I wish all my readers and followers a very Merry Christmas, thanks for being with me in this new adventure, I hope to have you around next year and the following years to come, Next post will be Normal 11 week Ultrasound, I see you there….

IMG_3222A picture of me and my family on Christmas last year!!!!

XO Zadi.

What you need to know about normal 7 week ultrasound, pregnancy ultrasounds.

Hi there, welcome back to another post, Today the topic will be “Normal 7 week ultrasound” if you reach this point you are probably full of questions and fears, after all the first trimester is crucial, but relax you are doing fine, at 7 weeks your baby is growing and changing a lot, stay with me for a little longer and you will find out why!!!

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At 7 weeks your baby is about the size of a Blueberry, in measurements, your baby should be about 0.50 inches long, from week 6 to week 7 your baby has probably double the size if the growth was appropriate !!!

Also, do you know that at 7 weeks in your baby’s brain 100 new cells are developed per minute, and not only your baby’s brain is becoming more complex but the heart is becoming complex too. Your baby is developing the kidneys, arm and legs are now forming as well.

7 weeks pregnant symptoms.

  • Nausea: Morning sickness may be going strong at 7 weeks of pregnancy, if you expecting twins, morning sickness is probably worse due to highest levels of hormones, but don’t worry it should get better after the first trimester, some moms-to-be finds relieve taking Ginger natural tea or vitamin B-6.

  • Food cravings and/or aversions: You probably find yourself craving for weird foods, same as not wanting to eat foods that you thought was delicious before, don’t worry all of this is normal. It is ok to give in to your cravings and indulge once in a while, but try not to go crazy, and make healthy food choices instead when is possible.

  • Mood swings: Not only your hormones are all over the place but you can be feeling emotional and overwhelmed by the idea that you are pregnant, so don’t worry it will get better soon.

  • Frequent urination: Your uterus at this point even though you don’t look pregnant has doubled in size, also know that your uterus anteriorly is pressing against your Urinary bladder.

  • Acne: Breakouts in multiples areas of your body are due to hormonal changes, you can use certain products to ease the symptoms but please before you use anything check with your doctor if they are safe to use while you are pregnant.

  • Cramping or spotting: Sporadic mild cramping with pink or brown spotting can be normal, after all, your uterus is growing rapidly and your cervix must be sensitive too, however, an Ultrasound is always recommended to Rule out miscarriages.

What to expect on your 7 week ultrasound Scan:

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The first assessment of the maternal pelvic anatomy is done on this Ultrasound to Rule out Coexisting fibroids within the uterus next to the pregnancy, I am going to link below the previous posts talking more in deep about Fibroids.

All you need to know about Fibroids.

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Secondly, an assessment to the ovaries must be done, Keep in mind the corpus luteal cyst as you can see in this picture is a normal finding, this ovarian cyst is producing hormones to support the pregnancy however is important to Follow up the size of the cyst.

All you need to know about Ovaries, normal hormonal cycles, and common cysts.

And finally the assessment of the pregnancy is done, measurements are obtained on the embryo to correlate Last menstrual period dates if you don’t know your Last menstrual period don’t worry these measurements are accurate enough to generate an Estimated Due Date. This measurement is called Crown-Rump length ( CRL).

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And remember very important if your baby can be seen so is the baby’s heart beating!!!!

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The gestational sac and Yolk sac has to be check as well to make sure that all the structures are looking normal.

As you can see your 7 week appointment is very exciting, you are carrying a little secret that you are enjoying but you still don’t know what to expect, in this appointment with your Gynecologist expect to have Labs, a Pap Smear if you haven’t had one in a while, as well as an ultrasound to Rule out viability and dates, so on my next post I will continue to talk about 8 week pregnancy with ultrasound pictures, see you around.

XO zadi.

Abnormal first trimester ultrasound.

Hey guys, welcome to another post, today I want to briefly talk about the Abnormal first trimester ultrasound before I continue to weekly ultrasounds, as usual, I will be including ultrasound pictures on my post, in case you haven’t seen my previous article about Normal first trimester ultrasound I will link it down below:

Normal first trimester ultrasound, scan at 6 weeks of gestation.

First trimester ultrasound measurements, dating, and guidelines…

Pregnancy failure is a common problem in the first trimester with failure rates approaching 25%. A threatened abortion is defined as bleeding and cramping in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. Ultrasound plays a key role in evaluating women with threatened abortion since HCG levels do not always correlate with a specific diagnosis.

Subchorionic hematoma or Subchorionic bleedings.

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Is the most common sonographic abnormality in the presence of a live embryo. Vaginal bleeding affects 25% of all women during the first trimester. In women whose sonogram shows a Subchorionic hematoma, the outcome of the fetus depends on the size of the hematoma, the mother’s age and the fetus gestational age.

If the Subchorionic hematoma appears in the late first or second trimester the risks for miscarriage, stillbirth, placental abruption or preterm labor are increased.

However small asymptomatic Subchorionic hematoma vs Subchorionic bleeding associated with No other complications can resolve by itself.

Anembryonic pregnancy ( Blighted ovum).

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Is a form of failed pregnancy defined as a gestational sac in which the embryo failed to develop. A large gestational sac without the visualized embryo is unequivocal evidence of a failed anembryonic pregnancy.

Embryonic demise and Bradycardia.

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The most convincing evidence that pregnancy has failed is the documentation of embryonic demise. As stated previously, all embryos greater than 5 mm in size should demonstrate cardiac activity. Embryonic bradycardia is a poor prognosticator of pregnancy viability and needs follow up. An embryonic heart rate less than 90 beats per minute, in embryos less than 8 weeks is associated with 80% rate of eventual embryonic demise.

Ectopic pregnancy.

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Tubal ectopic pregnancy located at the LT adnexa.

The most reassuring sign that an ectopic pregnancy is not present is the sonographic demonstration of a normal intrauterine pregnancy.

Which means that when the HCG levels are 1500 IU or more an intrauterine pregnancy has to be seen, if not the possibility of an Ectopic pregnancy is really high, Follow up with HCG in blood and Ultrasound are highly recommended.

Patients that are in high risk for ectopic pregnancy have:

*History of pelvic inflammatory disease ( PID )

*Previous ectopic pregnancy.

*Infertility.

*Tubal surgery.

Transvaginal ultrasound has an accuracy of 90% and should be routinely be used in the evaluation for ectopic pregnancy.

A variety of uterine findings can be seen with ectopic pregnancies. The may be empty or contain endometrial fluid collection, this should not be confused with an intrauterine gestational sac.

The most common adnexal finding is a complex mass which represents hemorrhage. Other adnexal findings included a normal adnexa or a well formed adnexal ring with or without a yolk sac or embryo. The posterior uterine pouch or pouch of Douglas should be carefully investigated since complex peritoneal fluid may be the only finding in 15% of ectopic pregnancies.

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OK so I am ending my post here, on the next one I will be talking probably about Twin pregnancies, and the following week I will be going week by week on scanning, if you stay until the end, thanks and I hope you come back…

feel free to comment if you have any questions.

xo zadi.